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JILIB TOWN

JILIB TOWN

Waa magaalada Jilib oo ka mid ah degaanada sida weeyn sheekhaasha u degentahay. Xisbigii sabuul ee uu madaxda ka ahaa Bashiir sh. xuseen ( Bashiir lugeey) ayaa ku guuleystay kuraastii degaanka oo dhan waana doorashadii ugu dambeeysay ee ka dhacda Jilib 1969.
Kismayu Town

Kismayu Town

waa magaalo xeebeed taariikhi ah sheekhaashuna waa qabaa'ilada ugu cad cad ee degaanka Jubbada Hoose daga.

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We, Faqi Omar /Sheekhaal Council in East Africa will leave no stone unturned to collect and analyse the history of our great grandfathers who contributed the spread of Islam in East Africa particularly, Somalia. Faqi Omar International Research Council members around the world will collect the history of their ancestors that has great influence on Somali modern history.every Faqu Cumar memeber is expected to contribute this huge project in terms of cost and material so as to produce effective and effeciant result .this work is a collective duty on every Faqi Cumar/ Sheekhal to participate and support so as to succeed this project. for more information you can contact us this e-mail:bincali20@gmail.com
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السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

اذا النسب هو كالاتي :

أحمد بن عمر بن عمر أبادر بن شمس الدين محمد بن يونس بن يوسف بن محمد بن أحمد بن تيم بن محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسماعيل بن عيسى بن بكر بن عمر بن يعقوب بن يحي بن عيسى بن مرة بن زكريا بن تيم بن جمال الدين محمد بن محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد أبو عتيق بن عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه

ونجد في هذه السلسلة 26 إسما ،
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Harar (HAN) Wednesday, April 13,2011 --In the eight and nineth centuries, the Central city of Harar became Somalia's most important city. Mogadishu, Merca, Awdal and Baraawe, had been major Somali coastal towns in medieval times. Their origins are unknown, but by the fourteenth century travelers from Europe were mentioning the towns more and more as important centers of urban ease and learning. Harar is known for its turmoil and bloodshed. Ahmed Gragn replaced Abu Beker Mohammed (Fiqi Omar) who was the ruler of Harar. Ahmed Gragn was a militant Muslim leader and used Harar as his base to launch his jihad and raids against the Abyssinian Christian Empire in 1528. He destroyed many churches. He was killed by Emperor Gelawdewos in a Battle near Lake Tana in 1543. The raids continued against the Christians led by Ahmed Gragn's widow Bati Del Wambara. In 1559, Emperor Gelawdewos marched on Harar with the aim to eradicate the constant religious sectarianism taking place. Gelawdewos was killed in a battle and his head was paraded around the city on a stake. In 1647, Emir Ali ibn Daud (The famlies of Sheikh Liban-fiqi Omar) took control the city and established an autonomous administration. Despite the continuous fighting with Amhara tribes, Harar expanded; it became well populated, an important city for trade and a centre of Muslim scholarship. It issued its own currency. After 250 years of autonomous rule, Othman Empire occupied Harar Islamic Kingdom and replaced the Emir in 1875. The Abyssinian action created a strong resistance in the Muslim community of Harar Empire. Emir Abdullah took control and led a campaign against the Abyssinian, which ended in 1885. In 1887, Harar lost its autonomy when Menelik, Prince of Shewa, who later became Emperor of Abyssinia in 1889, waged war against the army of Emir Abdullah. Menelik defeated the Emir at the Battle of Chelenko in 1887. Menelik then established a new administration, including several members of the emir's family to prevent renewed religious sectarianism, headed by Ras Mekonnen, the father of Emperor Haile Selassie. Harar then began to disintegrate and lost its status as a trade centre in the end of nineteenth century when the railway line was built between Addis Ababa and Djibouti through Dire Dawa. From 1902, Dire Dawa became the main commercial centre of Ethiopia. However, Harar remained as the spiritual City of Ethiopia's Muslim community, the political capital of Hararge Province until 1994 and has become a federal city-state since 1995. Traditional schooling continues as always in a small village, where boys and girls recite verses from the Koran. Nearly all Somalis are Muslims, but this unity of faith has seldom led to political unity (Islamic Kingdom of Harar -led by Sheikh Omar Rida and Sheikh Yusuf Kawniin -Aw Barkhadle). Islam reached different parts of the country at different times and in different ways, led by: East, South of Somalia, Sheikh Ahmad (Loboge) and Osman (Gandarshe); North, West, Aw-Qudub and sons; Hararghe, Sheikh Ali (Liban); united its followers. An Islamic revival in recent years has so far failed to bring Somalis together. In the south, where fighting among rival clans continues. -Islam spread to the west, north, east and West of the Horn of Africa mainly the Harar region, which was established by Sultan Abu Beker Mohammed in 1520 and became the Holy City for the Muslims. Harar also became an important city for trade, famous for its Islamic architecture such as the City Walls and a centre of Muslim scholarship throught the nations and nationalities of Abyssinia, Somalia, Afar, oromo, Amhara, Sawahil and others.
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source: www.geeskaafrika.com
HORDHAC


Mahad iyo amaan waxaa mudan mowlihii na abuuray, ku dayashana waxaa leh nebbi Muxamad(n.n.k.h).
Intaas kadib:
Buugan sababta igu kaliftay inaan qoro waxay tahay waxaa lumay taariikhdii soo jireenka ahayd ee ay lahaayeen Dadka iyo Degaanka Gendershe oo hadaba lumay qaar ka mid ah taariikhdaas sidaas daraadeed ayaan isku dayay inaan qoro buugan oo ah buug yar oo kooban.
Walaal hadaad ku aragtid wax qalad ah buugan igu kaalmee inaad i saxdid.
Waxaan u mahad celinayaa dadkii igu garab galay in uu soo baxo Buuggan iyo dadkii igu kaaalmeeyay hilitaanka taariikhda uu ka hadlayo buugan.



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BILOWGII BUUGGA

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Deegaanwaynaha Gendershe waa deegaan ka tirsan degmada Marka ee gobolka Shabeelada Hoose ee Dalka Soomaaliya.
Deegaanwaynaha Gendershe magaalada Muqdisho waxay u jirtaa 45km dhinaca xeebta.
waxay xuduud la wadaagtaa: Bari waxaa ka xiga tuulada Dhanaane Waqooyi waxaa ka xiga Dooxooyin yar yar oo aad u qurux badan, Galbeedna waxaa ka xiga tuulada Jilib-Marka, Koonfurna waxaa ka saaran Badwaynta Hindiya iyo Geedaha Qunbaha ee ku teedsan Xeebta iyo geedka loo yaqaan Showriga oo ay caanka ku tahay.
Magaca Gendershe waa magac asal ahaan kasoo jeeda wadanka iiraan, balse waaa dad asal ahaan kasoo jeeda Dalka yaman gaar ahaan gobolka Xadarmuud.
iminka waa Dad Soomaali ah waxaana Dalka Soomaaliya loogu yaqaanaa magacyo seddex ah oo kalla ah:


1-Shiiqaal Gendershe waana magaca ugu wayn.
2-Reer aw Garwayne.
3- Reer Cusmaan Faqi Cumar.


Qofkii ugu horeeyay ee degay Gendershe wuxuu ahaa nin wadaad ah oo la oran jiray Sheekh Cusmaan Faqi cumar(Aw-Garwyne) oo ay ku abtirsadaan Dadka degan Gendershe.
Sheekh Cusmaan Garwayne wuxuu guursaday Gabar reer Baraawe ah oo la oran jiray (BINTI) oo biida ah (waa gibil cadka Baraawe), Shiikha wuxuu dhalay seddex wiil iyo hal gabar waxaana ugu waynaa: 1- Maad-sheekh, 2- Ibraahim 3- Yaxye oo ku magac dheeraa (ISGOOWE). iyo 4- gabadha oo la oran jiray Barka.


Dadka deegaanka Gendershe ku abtirsada waa todobo juffo oo kalla ah:



1- Maad-sheekh
2- Reer Ibraahim
3- Reer Isgoowe
4- Reer Muraad
5- Gaameedle
6- Naakhude
7- Mehri.



Sheekh Cusmaan Faqi Cumar (AW- GARWEYNE) aabihii Faqi Cumar waqxaa lagu dilay Xamar halka hadda loo yaqaano Masjidka Arbaca Rukun oo ku taal degmada Xamar wayne, waxaana lagu aasay meesha hadda uu ku yaalo Masjidka Marwaas ee degmada Xamar wayne.
Shiikha markuu degay Gendershe waxaa lagu qiyaasaa kun iyo konton[1050] sano ilaa iyo kun iyo boqol iyo konton[1150] sano ku dhawaad.
Hadaba waxaa xusid mudan in dadka ku noolaa Gendershe ay ahaayeen dad aad u neceb Gaalada iyo Gumaysiga aadna u jecel Islaamka, dadka deriskana aad u xushmayn jiray waxaana tusaale kaaga filan waqtigii gumaysiga Talyaaniga uu rabay inuu qabsado Marka iyo nawaaxigeeda waxaa ka difaacay Beelha Biimaaal iyo Shiiqaal-Gendershe oo wada deganaa Marka.
Beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe iyo Beesha Biimaal waxaa ka dhexeeya Islaanimo, Soomaalinimo iyo weliba Derisnimo soo jireen ah.
Dagaaladii u dhaxeeyay Beelaha Biimaal iyo Shiiqaal-Gendershe oo dhinac ah iyo gumaystihii talyaaniga waxaa ay beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe ku waysay dad badan waxaa ka mid ah sideed ruux oo meel ay jaan iyo cirib dhigeen la waayay balse waxaa la sheegay in loo diray Xarunta Daraawiishta ee uu hogaaminayay Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan si ay uga helaan garab hiil iyo hooba leh.
Waxaan isku dayay inaan helo magacyada sideedaas ruux waana ii suurto geli wayday. waxaa in hoosta laga xariiqo mudan in dagaaladaas raggii hogaaminayay ay qaarkooda ahaayeen Shiiqaal-Gendershe.
waxay kalloo ka qayb galeen dagaalo badan sida kii u dhaxeeyay beelaha Biimaal iyo Shiiqaal-Gendershe oo isku dhinac ahaa iyo beelo fara badan oo deganaan jiray dhulka loo yaqaan (Dhoobooy) waxaana hogaaminayay beesha Goobroon oo uu madax u ahaa Suldaan Axmed Yuusuf.
waxay kalloo ka qayb galeen Dagaalo badan oo aan halkan lagu soo koobi karin waxayna had iyo jeer ay is kaashan jireen Beesha Biimaal.
Walaal dib aan ugu noqono seddexda wiil ee uu dhalay Aw-Garwayne waayo? Degaanka Gendershe waagaa waxaa ku noolaa Shiikha iyo Xaaskiisa iyo seddexda wiil iyo walaashooda, hadaba waxaa is waydiin mudan seddexda wiil ee uu dhalay Aw-Garwayne naagaha ay guursadeen yay ahaayeen, maxayse dhaleen?.
1- wiilasha waxaa ugu waynaa oo curad ahaa (MAAD-Sheekh) wuxuu guursaday gabar u dhalatay beesha TUNNI wuxuuna dhalay seddex wiil oo kala ahaa:

1- Sadiiq Maad-sheekh.
2- Aw-nuur Maadsheekh.
3- Asad Maad sheekh oo aan isaga farac ka tegin.

2- Ibraahim oo ahaa wiilka labaad asagana wuxuu guursaday gabar u dhalatay beesha JIIDO wuxuuna dhalay seddex wiil oo la kala oran jiray:

1- Ijeewo
2- Sadiiq
3- Macalin dheere.

3- Isgoowe oo ugu yaraa wiilasha asagana wuxuu guursaday gabar u dhalatay beeshe BAGADI, wuxuuna dhalay seddex wiil oo kala ah:

1- Maxamed Isgoowe
2- Warre Isgowe
3- Tamaan Isgoowe.

Waxaa sidoo kale mudan in aan laga tagin jufooyinka kalle ee ku abtirsada beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe sida:
4- Aw-muraad oo ah wiilasha Adeerkooda wuxuuna dhalay seddex wiil oo kalla ah:

1- Abba Nuur
2- Cusmaan
3- Barakaat.

5- Gaameedle wuxuu dhalay afar wiil oo la kalla oran jiray:

1- Xaaji Wasaa'id
2- Cabaas
3- Aanis ,br> 4- Xaaji Amiin.

6- Naakhude wuxuu dhalay labo wiil oo kala ah:

1- Xaaji Maxamuud aw Waraabe
2- Xaaji Xaramayn.

7- Mehri wuxuu dhalay afar wiil oo kala ah:

1- Maxamed Awsheekh
2- Mursal
3- Xuseen
4- Faqi Cabdi.

Waxaa in hoosta laga xariiqo mudan halyayadii u soo baxay Dadka iyo degaanka Gendershe in la xuso waxaana ka mid ah halyaygii waynaa isla markaana ahaa duqii ugu horeeyay ee magaalada Muqdisho Maxamed Sheekh Jamaal Cabdullahi (JAMAAL JEBIYE) iyo mucjisadii kubada cagta Soomaaliyeed Maxamed Xuseen Cali(Shiikhaaloow) iyo majaajilistaha wayn ee caanka ah Cabdiraxmaan Sheekh Maxamed (AWKOOMBE) oo ahaa mu'alifkii Riwaayada (XAMAREEY yaa arkay) iyo majaajiliistaha kalle ee asna caanka ah Jarlees Cadde iyo kuwo oo aan halkan ku soo koobi karin.
Dadka degaanka Gendershe noloshooda waxay ku xiran tahay Beeraha iyo Kaluunmaysiga. waxaa ka dhisnaan jirtay Dekad yar oo ilaa hada raadkeeda muuqdo waxaana ku soo xiran jiray doonyaha waawayn (xariin) waxayna keeni jireen Dharka, Raashiinka, Bagashka iwm ah, waxaana keeni jiray dad u kala dhashay Yaman, Cumaan, Masar, Iiraan, Giriig, Turki, Ciraaqiyiin iyo kuwo kalle oo fara badan, iyagana waxay ka qaadan jireen Subaga, Malabka, Kaluunka iyo Qumbaha.
Daka reer Gendershe waa dad looga danbeeyo farsamaynta macmacaanka sida Roootiga, Doolshaha, Buskutka, Xalwada, Sisinta, Baalbaalowga, Shuushuumowga iwm ah.
Beerahooda waxay ku yaalaan nambar lixdan, [No. 60]. Beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe waxay u badan yihiin Dad culumo ah waxaana soo maray culumo fara badan waxaana ka mid ah:
Sheekh Maxamed Sheekh Axmed Sheekh Isxaaq, Xaaji Maxamed Awsheekh, Sheekh Axmed Jahbadane, Xaaji Aways aa Tamaan, Sheekh Jamaal Sheekh Cabdullaahi, Sheekh Maxamed Axmed (Heeji Hiiraan), Sheekh Cusmaan Maaroow, Shacadow aw Cumar(aw boqol jire), Aw Sheekh Axmadeey Macalin, Sheekh Axmed Maaroow, Sheekh Maxmed Sh.Cali, Xaaji Abuukar aw sheekh, Sh. Cabdi Maaroow, iyo Culumo kalle oo aan magacyadooda halkan ku soo koobi karin.
Dadka reer Gendershe ama u dhashay ama ku abtirsada waxay ku nool yihiin meelo fara badan oo dalka ka mid ah sida: Gobolkka Shabeelada Hoose oo dhan ayay degan yihiin iyo meelo ka oo kamida koonfurta Soomaaliya.
Beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe waxay leedahay Ciyaaro Hiddo iyo Dhaqan u gaar ah tasoo ay ciyaaraan dumarka oo keliya waqtiga Guurka ciyaartaas oo lagu magacaaabo (Abaasa Guuloow) waxay kalloo caan ay ku yihhiin (xayeet) tasoo ragga u gaar ah.
Beesha Shiiqaal-Gendershe waxay ahaan jireen dad geesiyaal ah oo culumo ah,waxayna lahaan jireen hal hogaan oo midaysan, waxayna ahaan jireen dad kala danbeeya ha noqoto Duqowda, Dumarka, Culumada, Dhalinyarada iwm ah.


Fiiro Gaara:


wixii su'aalo ah waxaad waydiin kartaa ama wixii tallo ,tusaale iyo toosin ahba soo waydii qofka qoray buugan.


www.gandarshe.com
Waxaa Qoray: Ad-ham Amiinullahi Maxamed
Email: ad-ham@...
[G-News]
+2521 5594571





Fadlan noola socodsii Hadii aad ku aragto qoraal aflagaado
Ama qoraalada Caadiga ka baxsan qeebta Commentska Mahadsinidiin
Abu Bakr (Abdullah ibn Abi Qahafa) (Arabic: عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; Transliteration: 'Abdullāh bin Abī Quhāfah, c. 573 CE unknown exact date 634/13 AH) was a senior companion (Sahabah) and the father-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death.[1] As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by the Prophet, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad's death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful)[2] and was known by that title among later generations of Muslims.

As a young man, Abu Bakr became a cloth merchant and he traveled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan.[3] On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faith[4] and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men.[2]

Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and close friend to the Prophet. During the lifetime of Muhammad, he was involved in several campaigns such as the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of the Trench, the Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Battle of Khaybar, the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn, the Siege of Ta'if, and the Battle of Tabuk where he was reported to have given all of his wealth for the preparation of this expedition.[5] He also participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and was made one of the witnesses over the pact.[5]

In 631, three months after completing his Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca, the Prophet became fatally ill. After his death Abu Bakr became the first Muslim Caliph. During his rule, he defeated the rebellion of several Arab tribes in a successful campaign, unifying the entire Arabian peninsula and giving it stability.[6] This enabled him to launch successful campaigns against the Sassanid Empire (Persian Empire) and the East Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) who were threatening Arabia's borders. Prior to dispatching his army to Syria against the Romans he gave them the following commands which established the conduct of war for later Muslim generations:

Stop, O people, that I may give you ten rules for your guidance in the battlefield. Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path. You must not kill a young woman. Bring no harm to the trees which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy's flock, save it for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone.[7][8]
Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Though the period of his caliphate was not long it included successful invasions of the two most powerful empires of the time, a remarkable achievement in its own right. He set in motion a historical trajectory that in few decades would lead to one of the largest empires in history.


Main article:
Family tree of Abu Bakr
Father: Uthman ibn Amir Abu Qahafa
Mother: Umm al-Khair Salma bint Shakhr ibn Amir ibn Ka'ab ibn Sa'ad ibn Taim
Brother: Mu'taq (presumably the middle)
Brother: Utaiq (presumably the youngest)[59]
Brother: Quhafah ibn Uthman
Himself: Atiq (presumably the eldest)
Wife: Qutaylah bint Abd-al-Uzza ibn 'Abd ibn As'ad (divorced)
Daughter: Aisha Siddiqua and Asma bint Abu Bakr
Grandson Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr - His birth spread happiness amongs muslims, killed by Hajjaj bin Yousef.
Grandson Urwa ibn al-Zubayr
Great grandson Hisham ibn Urwa
Son: 'Abd Allaah ibn Abi Bakr
Wife: Um Ruman bint Amir ibn Uwaymir ibn Zuhal ibn Dahman (from Kinanah)
Step son: Tufail ibn Abdullah, The son of Abd-Allah ibn Harith
Son: Abdu'l-Rahman ibn Abu Bakr
Daughter: 'Aa'ishah
Son in law: Muhammad, tree
Wife: Asma' bint Umays ibn Ma'ad ibn Taym al-Khath'amiyyah (previously wife of Jafar ibn Abi Talib and after Abu Bakr's death, became the wife of Ali ibn Abi Talib)
Son: Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Wife: Habibah bint Kharijah ibn Zayd ibn Abi Zuhayr (from the tribe of Banu al-Haris ibn al-Khazraj
Daughter: Umm Khultum bint Abu Bakr.[35]
Today there are many families which are the descendants of Abu Bakr. Most of them are known by the name Al-Siddiqi And Al-Atiqi's Or Al-Atiqi (Al-Ateeqi) ((In Arabic)). But they are also known by some other names in different localities. For example, In East Ethiopia, Siddiqis are usually called Qallu, which means people of the religion, as they were the first to bring Islam to this area. In Somalia, they are commonly known as Sheekhaal and they are well respected by other Somali clans. In Bangladesh, they are known by the name of Qureshi. There are also Al-Atiqi or Atiqi Families in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Syria,Yemen, Iraq and other places in the Arabia Peninsula. All the descendants of Abu Bakr, their Ancestors are: Abdurahman Ibn Abu Bakr and Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr. The Al-Bakri Family in Egypt are the descendants of Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr while the sheekhaal or Fiqi Umar Family found in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya and the Aala Atiq Families found in the Arabia Peninsula are the descendants of Abdurahman Ibn Abu Bakr.
Sh.Abadir O Rid

Sh.Abadir O Rid

Sheekh Abaadir Cumar Ar-rida Waa halyeey Soomaalyeed oo taariikhda Baal dahab ah ka galay, waxuuna ka mid ahaa amiiradi ka taliyey Harar Guulo waaweyna u oo hooyey Islamka bariga Afrika ku nool.
Gen.Liiqliiqato

Gen.Liiqliiqato

General Maxamed Ibrahim Liiqliiqato waa halyeey Soomaaliyeed kan soo qabtay xilal kala duwan sida Abaanduulaha cidamada qalabka sida , Wasiirka Beeraha , Wasiirka Ganaacsiga.
Prof, Ali Sheek

Prof, Ali Sheek

Hormuudka Jaamacada Muqdisho ahna aabaha waxbarashada Soomaaliya
General Geelqad

General Geelqad

Waxuu aha taliyihii Guutadii 21aad iyo 26 aad , waxuu sidoo kale ahaa sarkiisha 1977 qabtay Diridhabe, waxuu sidoo kale qeeyb qaatay dagaalkii Masarida iyo Israa'iil ee baarleef
Dr.Cali Baashi

Dr.Cali Baashi

Dr. Cali Baashi Cumar waa siyaasi, aqoonyahan ahna dhaqtar ku takhasusay Cuddarada Indhaha caana ka ah gayiga soomaaliyeed
Gen.Moh'ed H.Al

Gen.Moh'ed H.Al

Major General Mohammed Hussein Ali (Somali: Maxamed Xuuseeyn Cali, Arabic: محمد حسين علي‎) (born in 1956 in Eldoret) is an ethnic Somali military commander. He was the former Commissioner of the Kenya Police, and is currently Chief Executive of the Postal Corporation of Kenya.Ali is a member of the Sheekhaal Somali clan. He was born in 1956 in Eldoret
Sh. Max'ed Gary

Sh. Max'ed Gary

Sheikh Mohamed Ahmed Omar, (Garyare), Muslim scholar living in Canada, the founder of Al-Islah Islamic Movement in Somalia, and the first Somali graduate from the Madina Almunawarah Islamic University in Saudi Arabia.
The Sheikhal (var. Sheikhaal, Sheekhaal, Sheikal, Shikal) (Arabic: شيخال‎) or Fiqi Omar is a Somali clan whose members inhabit both Somalia and Ethiopia, with considerable numbers also found in the Northern Frontier District (NFD) in Kenya.

Overview
Sheikhal people and Harari people are very closely related, as they are immediate descent from the same ancestor. Historically, Hararis and the Sheikhal have had close ties, and many Hararis have intermarried with Sheikhals. Some Sheikhals, particularly those belonging to the Aw Axmed Loobage subclan, are found south and central somalia kenya and Uganda . However, other members, such as those from the Aw-Qutub subclan, have also significant population in Ethopia, kenya and Somalia.
The total population of Sheikhal clan in Somalia, Ethopia and Kenya are estimated between 1.5 million to 2 million people.

The Sheikhal clan traces its ancestry to Fiqi Omar, also known as Omar Al-Rida, who in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq). According to Richard F. Burton, Faqi Omar crossed over from Arabia to Eastern Africa ten generations prior to 1854, with his six sons: Umar the Greater, Umar the Lesser, the two Abdillahs, Ahmad, and Siddik.[3]

Sheikhaal sub-clans
Aw-Qutub
Aw Axmed Loobage
Aw Cismaan Gandarshe
Gaameedle Gandarshe
Jaziira, also known as Baa Xassan
Qallu
Teedan
Abiib
Cali Cafiif
Gudle
Cabdi Shekh
Cabdi Sufi
Seka-when in Afar Region
Cabdisamad
Sheikh Hayti
Seyle
Wardiiq, in Ethiopia and Djibouti.
Reerow-Xassan
Prominent figures
Dr. Ali Bashi Omar Rooraaye, former member of Somali TFG Parliament, doctor, and current Chairman of Al-Islah, a Muslim organisation in Somalia.[4]
Prof. Ali Sheikh Ahmed, founder and president of Mogadishu University, and former president of Al-Islaah.[5]
Dr. Sheikh Ibrahim Dusuqi, Muslim scholar, cardioloigist and former speaker of Al-Islaah.[4]
Major General Mohammed Hussein Ali, former Commissioner of the Kenya Police.
Major General Mohamed Ibrahim Liqliiqato, former chief-of-staff of Somali armed forces, speaker of Somali parliament, and first Somali ambassador to Soviet Union.
General Mohamud Sheikh Abdullahi (Geelqaad), head of Somali army forces that captured Dire Dawa, Ethopia in 1977 and head of the Ahmed Gurey Military Academy until 1990.[4]
Sheikh Mohamed Ahmed Omar, (Garyare), Muslim scholar living in Canada, the founder of Al-Islah Islamic Movement in Somalia, and the first Somali graduate from the Madina Almunawarah Islamic University in Saudi Arabia. .[6]

Sheikh Abadir Omar Ar-Rida one of the Harar Amirs mentiond in List of Harar Amirs.
Abadir Umar Ar-Rida (probably fl. 13th century AD) was the most celebrated[by whom?] saint of Harar, Ethiopia. Abadir is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, unpublished history of Harar in the 13th century AD. Here we are told that Abadir with several other saints came from Hijaz to Harar in 612H (1216 AD) where he was elected as sheikh by the surrounding tribes. In the following years he fought several battles against King Karbinal bin Mahrawal, his son Jurniyal, daughter Markanis and brother Sayadar. Abadir is also mentioned in the lists of amirs of Harar, first 391-405H (1000–1014), Second 405-411H (1014-1021 AD), Third 458-459H (1065-1067 AD).

The genealogy of Abadir lists twenty-four generation Abu-Bakar Al Saddiq and Abadir. In Harar, several songs in veneration of Abadir are still sung. Inside the walls of Harar not only in the tomb of Abadir visited by Harari and galla of the neighbourhood,but also the betta arrus where he is said to have married a Harari women.

The fame of Abadir extends far beyond the harari region in Muslim Ethiopia. Abadir is the ancestor of sheikhaal tribes.


Qallu is a name in which the people (person) who are believed to be the descents of Sayyid Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, the first Caliph of Islam, are known in East Eastern Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti.

Table of Contents
1 Why They are Called Qallu?

2 Variations in the Descriptions of Qallu

3 Geographical Dispersions of the Qallu

4 See also

5 References

6 External links



Why They are Called Qallu?
Qallu is a common name known in Oromo, Somali, Harari, Afar traditions because there is a clan called “Qallu’’ within each of these ethnic groups. However, it is the Oromos or the Somalis who enthusiastically refer to the name. [1]. It is said that “Qallu” to mean "people of the religion", and it describes the Qallu’s main occupation in their societies. That means in the past, most of the persons who belong to Qallu clan were dominantly the teachers of Islam in the areas that they reside. [1]
Variations in the Descriptions of Qallu
The Qallu inhabit Hararghe, Somali Region, and Dire Dawa as well as the Republics of Somalia and Djibouti. The Qallu’s in Ethiopia trace back their genealogy mostly to a man called “Aw Omar Ziyad”, and then to “Aw Qutub”, and Aw Abadir Umar Ar-Rida , a scholar to whom the Harari’s refer as the Patron Saint of Harar. And all Qallus in Ethiopia claim they have the same blood with Sheekhaash , a clan whom Sir Richard Burton repeatedly mentioned in his book titled First Footsteps in East Africa. [2]. However, in Somalia, there is a little bit unclear tradition of the Qallus. Some people categorize them under the well known Sheekhaal clan (here not Sheekhaash as they are called in Ethiopia.). Others group them under Fiqi Omar clan. (In Ethiopia , Sheekhaash and Faqih Omar are the same, the latter is only an implication of their ancestral father)
Geographical Dispersions of the Qallu
Richard Burton describes that Qallu (Sheekhaash) is dispersed among its brothers (other clans) and they can be found from Ifat up to Ogaden. [3]. This is an exact description of the highly reverend clan of Qallu. Today, as Burton witnessed 150 years ago, we can find the Qallu from Somlia up to Wello. However, the highly concentrated communities of the Qallu can be found in the following areas.
• in Babille, Deder, Jarso and Gursum in East Hararghe;
• in the Walled City of Harar;
• in Shinile Zone and in Dire Dawa chartered city;
• in Jijiga woreda of the Somali Region;
• in Habro , Gubba Qoricha, Qunni , Chiro, Boke and Mieso woredas of West Hararghe, Zone.
See also
• Sheekhaal
• Siddiqis in the Horn of Africa
• Abu Bakr
• Shaikh
• Siddiqui
• Shaikh Siddiqui
• Shaikhs in South Asia
References
1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 Ulrich Braukämper: Islamic History and Culture in Southern Ethiopia. Collected Essays, Göttinger Studien zur Ethnologie 9, 2003, ISBN 978-3-8258-5671-7, pp.112-123, 117
2. ↑ Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856; edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 165
3. ↑ Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856; edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 165
Tue 12 Apr 2011 09:57:46 AM CDT
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